When your kidneys don't work well for longer than 3 months, doctors call it chronic kidney disease. You may not have any symptoms in the early stages, but that's when it’s simpler to treat.
Chronic kidney disease is usually caused by other conditions that put a strain on the kidneys. Often it's the result of a combination of different problems.
What is the Cause of Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD?
Until now, doctors have failed to identify the exact cause of the chronic kidney disease or CKD. However, any disease or health condition leads to the damage of blood vessels or any other related structure in kidneys may result in kidney problems.
Diseases and conditions that cause chronic kidney disease include :
Chronic kidney disease is linked to diabetes types 1 and 2. If the patient’s diabetes is not well controlled, excess sugar (glucose) can accumulate in the blood. Kidney disease is not common during the first 10 years of diabetes; it more commonly occurs 15-25 years after diagnosis of diabetes.
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
High blood pressure can damage the glomeruli – parts of the kidney involved in filtering waste products.
Obstructed urine flow
If urine flow is blocked it can back up into the kidney from the bladder (vesicoureteral reflux). Blocked urine flow increases pressure on the kidneys and undermines their function. Possible causes include an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, or a tumor.
Including polycystic kidney disease, pyelonephritis, or glomerulonephritis.
Kidney artery stenosis
The renal artery narrows or is blocked before it enters the kidney.
Include fuels, solvents (such as carbon tetrachloride), and lead (and lead-based paint, pipes, and soldering materials). Even some types of jewelry have toxins, which can lead to chronic kidney failure.
Fetal developmental problem
If the kidneys do not develop properly in the unborn baby while it is developing in the womb.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
An autoimmune disease. The body’s own immune system attacks the kidneys as though they were foreign tissue.
Malaria and yellow fever
Known to cause impaired kidney function.
Overuse of, for example, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen.
Illegal substance abuse
Such as heroin or cocaine.
A sharp blow or physical injury to the kidney(s).
You can prevent CKD by making healthy lifestyle changes and ensuring any above mentioned conditions you have are well controlled.